Life Cycle Analysis 2017-07-03T15:41:34+00:00

Project Description

Comparative Carbon Footprint

Top level results

The following table presents the overall carbon footprint results for different flexible packaging options showing the split between fossil and biogenic CO2 and the combined total. Values are presented throughout on the basis of the chosen functional unit of 100m² area of film.

Scenario 1 Scenario 2
Carbon Footprint (total) [kg CO2-Equiv.] 41.92 40.12
Carbon Footprint (biogenic) [kg CO2-Equiv.] 0.00 0.00
Carbon Footprint (fossil) [kg CO2-Equiv.] 41.92 40.12

The following chart shows the contribution to the carbon footprint (biogenic and fossil emissions) from raw material inputs and processing impacts.

Detailed results

The following table presents the detailed carbon footprint results (biogenic and fossil emissions) for the different options showing the contribution from each material type [kg CO2 equivalents].

Scenario 1 Scenario 2
Distribution 0.01 0.01
Electricity: Lamination -0.10 -0.08
Electricity: Printing 0.15 0.14
Electricity: Slitting -0.10 -0.09
Ink 0.75 0.75
PP (Oriented) Film 13.11 11.43
Supplier Transport 0.30 0.26
Thermal Energy: Lamination 25.63 25.63
TPU (Solvent free) 1.03 1.03
Waste Treatment 1.15 1.03

The following chart shows the contribution to the carbon footprint between different categories of raw material and processing impacts.

Other Environmental Impacts

The following table presents the results for a set of additional environmental impact categories that are commonly assessed in life cycle assessment studies.

Scenario 1 Scenario 2 Scenario 3
Acidification Potential [kg SO2-Equiv.] 100% 91.2% 0%
Eutrophication Potential [kg Photsphate-Equiv.] 100% 92.3% 0%
Ozone Layer Depletion [kg R11-Equiv.] 100% 104% 0%
Photochemical Smog Potential [kg Ethene-Equiv.] 100% 93% 0%
Primary Energy Demand [MJ] 100% 94.3% 0%

The following charts show the contribution to each imapct category broken down by material type.

Scenario 1

Scenario 2